Computer Systems Designed to Provide Data

Servers are computer systems designed to provide data, resources, or services to other computers or clients over a network. They come in various forms, including:

Web Servers: These servers host websites and web applications, serving web pages to users' browsers upon request. Popular web server software includes Apache HTTP Server, Nginx, and Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS).

File Servers: File servers store and manage files accessible to network users. They facilitate file sharing, storage, and backup services within organizations.

Database Servers: These servers host databases and manage data storage, retrieval, and manipulation operations. Examples include MySQL, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server, and Oracle Database.

Application Servers: Application servers execute and manage applications or software components, providing services like transaction management, security, and data access. Examples include Java EE servers like Apache Tomcat, JBoss, and IBM WebSphere.

Mail Servers: Mail servers handle email communication, sending, receiving, storing, and routing messages across networks. Examples include Microsoft Exchange Server, Postfix, and Sendmail.

Print Servers: Print servers manage printers and facilitate printing tasks for network users.

Virtualization Servers: These servers host and manage virtual machines (VMs), allowing multiple operating systems and applications to run on a single physical server.

FTP Servers: FTP (File Transfer Protocol) servers facilitate file transfers between computers over a network.

DNS Servers: DNS (Domain Name System) servers translate domain names into IP addresses, enabling users to access websites using human-readable names.

Proxy Servers: Proxy servers act as intermediaries between clients and other servers, providing functions like caching, access control, and anonymity.

When choosing a server, factors to consider include the intended purpose, scalability, perform